Indian cobra.
Indian cobra.

The Indian cobra (Naja naja), also known as the spectacled cobra, Asian cobra, or binocellate cobra, is a species of the genus Naja found, in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, and Bhutan, and a member of the "big four" species that inflict the most snakebites on humans in India.[4][5] It is distinct from the king cobra which belongs to the monotypic genus Ophiophagus. The Indian cobra is revered in Indian mythology and culture, and is often seen with snake charmers. It is now protected in India under the Indian Wildlife Protection AcThe generic name and the specific epithet naja is a Latinisation of the Sanskrit word n?gá (???) meaning "cobra".[6]

 

The Indian cobra is classified under the genus Naja of the family Elapidae. The genus was first described by Josephus Nicolaus Laurenti in 1768.[7] The species Naja naja was first described by the Swedish physician, zoologist, and botanist Carl Linnaeus in 1758.[2][8] The genus Naja was split into several subgenera based on various factors, including morphology, diet, and habitat. Naja naja is part of the subgenus Naja, along with all the other species of Asiatic cobras, including Naja kaouthia, Naja siamensis, Naja sputatrix, and the rest. Naja naja is considered to be the prototypical cobra species within the subgenus Naja, and within the entire genus Naja. All Asiatic species of Naja were considered conspecific with Naja naja until the 1990s, often as subspecies thereof. Many of the subspecies were later found to be artificial or composites. This causes much potential confusion when interpreting older literature.[9]

 

The Indian cobra[10][11] or spectacled cobra,[4] being common in South Asia, is referred to by a number of local names deriving from the root of Nag (???) (Hindi, Marathi) (???)(Gujarati), Moorkhan, ????‍???‍ (Malayalam), Naya-??? (Sinhalese), ???? ???? (Nagu Paamu) (Telugu),[11] ???? ???? Nagara Haavu (Kannada),[11] Nalla pambu (???? ??????) (Tamil)[11] "Phetigom" (Assamese) and Gokhra (?????) (Bengali)."???? ???/??? ???" in (Odia)t (1972).

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